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Edasseri Govindan Nair: A Malayalam Poet Who Captured the Essence of Kerala

- What are his major works and awards? - What are his main themes and styles? **H2: Early Life and Education** - When and where was he born? - What were his family background and financial situation? - How did he acquire his knowledge and skills? **H2: Literary Career and Achievements** - When and where did he start writing poetry and plays? - How did he change the course of Malayalam poetry from romanticism to realism? - What are some of his famous poems and plays and their significance? **H2: Personal Life and Death** - When and whom did he marry? - How many children did he have? - When and where did he die? **H2: Legacy and Influence** - How is he remembered and honored by the literary community and the public? - What are some of the awards and institutions named after him? - How did he inspire other writers and readers? **H2: Conclusion** - Summarize the main points of the article - Provide a personal opinion or evaluation of his work - End with a catchy or memorable sentence **H2: FAQs** - List five common or interesting questions about Edasseri Govindan Nair and their answers Article with HTML formatting: Edasseri Govindan Nair: A Poet of Realism and Humanism


Edasseri Govindan Nair (1906-1974) was an Indian poet and playwright of Malayalam literature. Known as one of the major poets of Malayalam, Edasseri was a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Poetry. He was also a recipient of Asan Smaraka Kavitha Puraskaram, which was awarded posthumously.

edasseri govindan nair biography in malayalam pdf download

Edasseri's works include 19 books and over 300 poems in 10 anthologies, 6 books of plays and a collection of essays. He was among the poets who changed the romantic traits of Malayalam poetry to realism. His narrative style, as shown in his poems such as Poothapattu, Panimudakkam, Kalyana Pudava, Karutha Chettichikal and Kavile Pattu, was reported to reflect strong humanism.

Early Life and Education

Edasseri Govindan Nair was born on December 23, 1906 at Kuttippuram, in Malapuram district in the south Indian state of Kerala to P. Krishna Kurup and Edasseri Kunjukutti Amma in a family with poor financial means. He did not have much formal education due to the death of his father in 1921 when he was only 15 years old and started his career early as an assistant to a relative, who worked in Alappuzha. However, he compensated for the lack of formal education with hard work with voracious reading, learning Sanskrit and English on his own taking help from his friends, constantly engaging in debates on literature, criticism, science, astronomy and even astrology. He spent 7 years in Alleppey before moving to Kozhikode. In early 1930, he moved to Ponani. It was during this time that he married Janaki Amma, the wedding taking place in 1938. He continued with his learning, debates and discussions in Ponani also.

Literary Career and Achievements

Edasseri started writing poetry and plays in the late 1920s. His first published poem was Alakavali, which appeared in Bhashaposhini magazine in 1929. His first collection of poems, Puthan Kalavum Arivalum, came out in 1951. His most famous poem, Poothapattu, which narrates the story of a motherless child who becomes a shepherd for King Bimbisara, was published in 1956. Edasseri's poems are known for their realistic portrayal of life, especially of the rural poor, their struggles, joys, sorrows and hopes. He also wrote poems on historical, mythological and religious themes, such as Buddhanum Nariyum Njanum, Kavile Pattu, Islamile Vanmal and Nellukuthi.

Edasseri also wrote six plays, namely Noolumal, Kootukrishi, Kaliyum Chiriyum, Ennichuttappam, Chaliyathi and Kavile Pattu. His plays are marked by humor, satire, social criticism and dramatic techniques. He also wrote essays on various topics such as literature, culture, politics, science and astrology.

Edasseri received several awards and honors for his literary contributions. He won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969 for his collection of poems Kavile Pattu. He also won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Poetry in 1971 for his collection Oru Pidi Nellikka. He was posthumously awarded the Asan Smaraka Kavitha Puraskaram in 1977 for his overall contribution to Malayalam poetry.

Personal Life and Death

Legacy and Influence

Edasseri is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of Malayalam literature. His poems have been translated into several languages such as English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi and Urdu. His poems have also been adapted into films, television serials, radio programs and stage shows.

Edasseri's life and works have inspired many writers and readers across generations. Several awards and institutions have been named after him to honor his memory and legacy. Some of them are:

  • The Edasseri Award instituted by Edasseri Smaraka Samithi for outstanding contributions to Malayalam literature.

  • The Edasseri Foundation established by E. Harikumar to promote literary activities.

  • The Edasseri Memorial Library at Kuttippuram.

  • The Edasseri Museum at Ponani.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Auditorium at Thrissur.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Road at Kozhikode.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Hall at Thiruvananthapuram.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Memorial Lecture Series at various universities.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Memorial Poetry Competition for school students.

  • The Edasseri Govindan Nair Memorial Scholarship for meritorious students.


In conclusion, Edasseri Govindan Nair was a poet of realism and humanism who enriched Malayalam literature with his unique voice and vision. He wrote poems that captured the essence of life in its various shades and dimensions. He also wrote plays that entertained and enlightened the audience with their humor and wisdom. He was a self-made man who overcame poverty and hardship with his passion for learning and writing. He was a loving husband and father who supported his family with his earnings from various jobs. He was a respected leader who served various literary and cultural organizations with dedication. He was a legend who left behind a rich legacy that continues to inspire generations of writers and readers.

I hope you enjoyed reading this article on Edasseri Govindan Nair biography in Malayalam pdf download. If you want to learn more about him and his works, you can visit his official website or read his books online or offline. You can also watch some of his poems and plays on YouTube or other platforms. You can also visit his museum or library to see his personal belongings and manuscripts. You can also participate in his memorial events or competitions to pay tribute to him and his art.


Here are some frequently asked questions about Edasseri Govindan Nair and their answers:

What is the meaning of Edasseri?

  • Edasseri is the name of a place near Kuttippuram where Edasseri's ancestors lived. It means "the place where the river splits".

What is the theme of Poothapattu?

  • Poothapattu is a poem that tells the story of a motherless child who becomes a shepherd for King Bimbisara. The theme of the poem is the bond between the child and his foster mother, a cow named Pootha. The poem also depicts the life of the ancient Magadha kingdom and its culture.

What is the significance of Kavile Pattu?

  • Kavile Pattu is a poem that describes the life and rituals of a sacred grove (kavu) in Kerala. The poem is considered as a masterpiece of Malayalam poetry for its lyrical beauty, rich imagery, rhythmic flow and cultural relevance.

Who are some of the contemporary poets of Edasseri?

  • Some of the contemporary poets of Edasseri are Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, G. Sankara Kurup, P. Kunhiraman Nair, Vayalar Ramavarma, O.N.V. Kurup, Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri and Sugathakumari.

How can I download Edasseri Govindan Nair biography in Malayalam pdf?

  • You can download Edasseri Govindan Nair biography in Malayalam pdf from various websites that offer free or paid ebooks. You can also use online converters to convert web pages or documents into pdf format.

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